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Docker磁盘空间使用分析与清理的方法

本篇文章主要介绍了Docker磁盘空间使用分析与清理的方法,小编觉得挺不错的,现在分享给大家,也给大家做个参考。一起跟随小编过来看看吧

本文介绍了Docker磁盘空间使用分析与清理的方法,分享给大家,具体如下:

用了一段时间Docker后,会发现它占用了不少硬盘空间。还好Docker 1.13引入了解决方法,它提供了简单的命令System来查看/清理Docker使用的磁盘空间。

前情提要

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#MyVersion
[root@dockercon ~]# docker version
Client:
 Version:  17.12.0-ce
 API version:  1.35
 Go version:  go1.9.2
 Git commit:  c97c6d6
 Built: Wed Dec 27 20:10:14 2017
 OS/Arch:  linux/amd64
Server:
 Engine:
 Version: 17.12.0-ce
 API version: 1.35 (minimum version 1.12)
 Go version:  go1.9.2
 Git commit:  c97c6d6
 Built:  Wed Dec 27 20:12:46 2017
 OS/Arch: linux/amd64
 Experimental: false

Docker 的内置 CLI 指令docker system df,可用于查询镜像(Images)、容器(Containers)和本地卷(Local Volumes)等空间使用大户的空间占用情况。

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[root@dockercon ~]# docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG         IMAGE ID      CREATED       SIZE
kalilinux/kali-linux-docker  latest       c927a54ec8a4    8 days ago     1.88GB
nginx             latest       3f8a4339aadd    9 days ago     108MB
busybox            latest       6ad733544a63    2 months ago    1.13MB
[root@dockercon ~]# docker system df
TYPE        TOTAL        ACTIVE       SIZE        RECLAIMABLE
Images       3          0          1.994GB       1.994GB (100%)
Containers     0          0          0B         0B
Local Volumes    0          0          0B         0B
Build Cache                         0B         0B

可以进一步通过-v参数查看空间占用细节

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[root@dockercon ~]# docker system df -v
#镜像空间使用情况
Images space usage:
 
REPOSITORY          TAG         IMAGE ID      CREATED ago     SIZE        SHARED SIZE     UNIQUE SiZE     CONTAINERS
kalilinux/kali-linux-docker  latest       c927a54ec8a4    8 days ago ago   1.884GB       0B         1.884GB       0
nginx             latest       3f8a4339aadd    9 days ago ago   108.5MB       0B         108.5MB       0
busybox            latest       6ad733544a63    2 months ago ago  1.129MB       0B         1.129MB       0
 
#容器空间使用情况
Containers space usage:
 
CONTAINER ID    IMAGE        COMMAND       LOCAL VOLUMES    SIZE        CREATED ago     STATUS       NAMES
 
#本地卷使用情况
Local Volumes space usage:
 
VOLUME NAME     LINKS        SIZE
 
Build cache usage: 0B

空间清理


不同状态已使用镜像(used image)未引用镜像(unreferenced image)悬空镜像(dangling image)
镜像含义指所有已被容器(包括已停止的)关联的镜像。没有被分配或使用在容器中的镜像未配置任何 Tag (也就无法被引用)的镜像


Docker内置自动清理:

通过 Docker 内置的 CLI 指令docker system prune来进行自动空间清理。

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[root@dockercon ~]# docker system prune --help
 
Usage: docker system prune [OPTIONS]
 
Remove unused data
 
Options:
 -a, --all       Remove all unused images not just dangling ones
   --filter filter  Provide filter values (e.g. 'label=<key>=<value>')
 -f, --force      Do not prompt for confirmation
   --volumes     Prune volumes

docker system prune 自动清理说明:

该指令默认会清除所有如下资源:

  1. 已停止的容器(container)

  2. 未被任何容器所使用的卷(volume)

  3. 未被任何容器所关联的网络(network)

  4. 所有悬空镜像(image)。

该指令默认只会清除悬空镜像,未被使用的镜像不会被删除。添加-a 或 --all参数后,可以一并清除所有未使用的镜像和悬空镜像。

可以添加-f 或 --force参数用以忽略相关告警确认信息。

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[root@dockercon ~]# docker system prune --help
 
Usage: docker system prune [OPTIONS]
 
Remove unused data
 
Options:
 -a, --all       Remove all unused images not just dangling ones
   --filter filter  Provide filter values (e.g. 'label=<key>=<value>')
 -f, --force      Do not prompt for confirmation
   --volumes     Prune volumes
[root@dockercon ~]# docker system prune --all
WARNING! This will remove:
    - all stopped containers
    - all networks not used by at least one container
    - all images without at least one container associated to them
    - all build cache
Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y
Deleted Containers:
f095899e7343e160d5b32d0688a6561a1a7f6af91c42ffe966649240b58ca23f
 
Deleted Images:
untagged: busybox:latest
untagged: busybox@sha256:e3789c406237e25d6139035a17981be5f1ccdae9c392d1623a02d31621a12bcc
deleted: sha256:6ad733544a6317992a6fac4eb19fe1df577d4dec7529efec28a5bd0edad0fd30
deleted: sha256:0271b8eebde3fa9a6126b1f2335e170f902731ab4942f9f1914e77016540c7bb
untagged: kalilinux/kali-linux-docker:latest
untagged: kalilinux/kali-linux-docker@sha256:28ff9e4bf40f7399e0570394a2d3d388a7b60c748be1b0a180c14c87afad1968
deleted: sha256:c927a54ec8a46164d7046b2a6dc09b2fce52b3066317d50cf73d14fa9778ca48
deleted: sha256:244c1920ef0442167cdbd095e5d29813cb5be0b70cc116faf8d7e50074f6c446
deleted: sha256:7748477cf079d6b0c13925ca90a5a1c7e93b8b508853f0cdff506c18caee14bd
deleted: sha256:dd9acc2ebbb7901b407d4270d4fd065d9bee10d11f2df13a256d892cc6e892f9
deleted: sha256:46c7843e50429fcafe2d3b6c676ac1a25e00851420ba2b1d52c69307f68ab3e5
deleted: sha256:f0944ddbb9bb11fb68f7edbde8e849233f7562d8087248c944e8c2fc7fe9fc0b
deleted: sha256:146e723c1713625c00cc736d74c9f6a16bd24464c42b33a8a234ec6e4c8b61ef
deleted: sha256:bca8a24862472a44c7ab1e3bdf2d5e4008e35d6c50b94f2547d3d595d86abef1
deleted: sha256:749be9d8a5ebb09cbc58d50c4b7244a10accdedc2a01c1d65d07d25322caacad
deleted: sha256:2d9e7ebb987a4cfb3142ce1612640248085d05b264012cb0885b3062105dfcb4
deleted: sha256:0655dca90e7c9c62d48128343ce89e016ae9f9df75c9dd6ad66c281e04e2b431
deleted: sha256:e78aa5d90040550584961eaccec1d047b755e97148fe753186e221c5ac40e330
deleted: sha256:598719dc4ba2de8d1be6564ca1f43846497608188cd20476712f7449755fea21
deleted: sha256:b084b4800972b561c21d804fab08c1fff0b9a9bcbf95a5394c0d4292c145c6d0
deleted: sha256:2e1b87f8f95e635c8ff4cbde28be38df39e8f3614576e09d7fb69c20421d1727
deleted: sha256:4a4a13e39112faa3b7ef0cb307bbf926fd1e46f3fbb9bc803cb9f4ab2f7694b0
untagged: alpine:latest
untagged: alpine@sha256:ccba511b1d6b5f1d83825a94f9d5b05528db456d9cf14a1ea1db892c939cda64
untagged: alpine-io:latest
deleted: sha256:3a043b0342a4907a1dfc95e2ea5e4df6a8e92d29dfe5d5910282bdfff27045d4
deleted: sha256:ddfb1d0e7629fd459b04f6efa89109ea0f7458aec76760e31888464d3074ae56
deleted: sha256:b6a7ea2197b744efab03320eda59d036ac3458ab7a0c5ada355faff0dd936af0
deleted: sha256:c96ab19b9ede349cb84e510a76a93d2b155aad54416f1591d7128cdeef228efc
deleted: sha256:43e7d32baaf31ab6bd4210ff3df54d1dec57cc761eab88c5eaef2973d6bed770
deleted: sha256:11a9226e2c0aeaa12408501b274575c8ee471a785b332af3c776e23dfd2eb629
deleted: sha256:bd9f490e64a2ceccdeb936f43047c0757635b4bc88159ba5b191285ef41f535c
deleted: sha256:e21c333399e0aeedfd70e8827c9fba3f8e9b170ef8a48a29945eb7702bf6aa5f
deleted: sha256:04a094fe844e055828cb2d64ead6bd3eb4257e7c7b5d1e2af0da89fa20472cf4
untagged: nginx:latest
untagged: nginx@sha256:cf8d5726fc897486a4f628d3b93483e3f391a76ea4897de0500ef1f9abcd69a1
deleted: sha256:3f8a4339aadda5897b744682f5f774dc69991a81af8d715d37a616bb4c99edf5
deleted: sha256:bb528503f6f01b70cd8de94372e1e3196fad3b28da2f69b105e95934263b0487
deleted: sha256:410204d28a96d436e31842a740ad0c827f845d22e06f3b1ff19c3b22706c3ed4
deleted: sha256:2ec5c0a4cb57c0af7c16ceda0b0a87a54f01f027ed33836a5669ca266cafe97a
 
Total reclaimed space: 5.219GB

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助



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